Kennedy Watershed Restoration Project 2010
Fallers began in 2010 by opening tree length gaps in the red alder and dense second-growth conifer stands along Lost Shoe Creek. In April the restoration crew followed up by thinning the overstocked conifer sites surrounding the gaps. Removing the smaller diameter trees and retaining the larger healthier trees. In total 3.5 hectares of overstocked conifer plantations in the Lost Shoe Creek Watershed were thinned to accelerate diameter and height growth rates, improve structural diversity and compositional diversity in the understory.
Six hectares of red alder stands were thinned to release understory conifers or improve conifer stocking by seedling planting. Over 4000 western red cedar and Sitka spruce were planted in the riparian treatment areas.
In-stream restoration began in July on lower Lost Shoe Creek. Over 500 pieces of LWD were repositioned, Spawning gravel was placed at road crossings and hiked in with buckets for 10 different sites on Staghorn, Kootowis, Salmon Creek, and Lost Shoe Creek.
Kennedy Watershed Restoration Project 2007-2008
Restoration work continued in 2007 thanks to funding from Parks Canada Ecosystem Integrity Fund and FIA funding from Iisaak Forest Resources Ltd and International Forest Products Ltd. A crew of thirteen worked for thirteen weeks in total, from June 25th to September 19th. The first seven weeks of the project was devoted to riparian restoration and instream restoration.
1500 Sitka Spruce and Western Red Cedar saplings were planted in clusters where patches of overmature Red Alder had been removed. This was completed in accordance with the riparian restoration prescription written by V.A Poulin.
With the assistance of a helicopter, the removal of non-embedded SWD, the dismantling of unstable log jams and the installation of stable LWD structures and ballast was also carried out on this portion of Reach 1 of Lost Shoe Creek.
The remaining six weeks of the project was dedicated to maintenance activities, spawning gravel placement, and additional instream restoration in other areas of Kennedy Flats. A total of 46 cubic meters of spawning gravel was delivered and divided between Salmon Creek,
Kootowis Creek, and Staghorn Creek.
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Kennedy Watershed Restoration Project 2006
The CWFS worked with Creative Salmon Ltd, on in-stream restoration of, 264 m of Indian Bay Creek from Station 0 + 000 m to 0 + 264 m. The crew worked with Creative Salmon employees removing SWD and installing LWD structures to provide cover and scour, and to improve the flow of the stream. The Thornton Creek Enhancement Society under direction of Doug Kimoto installed spawning gravel at two sites on Staghorn Creek.
These and previous years' efforts have resulted in increased fish access and improved health of the creeks and bordering riparian forests. A marked improvement in stream condition, as well as increased fish escapement has been documented through annual monitoring. The local community has benefited from the employment and training opportunities provided by this project, and strong partnerships have been built between various community and stakeholder groups.
Kennedy Watershed Restoration Project Summer 2005
Much of the Kennedy watershed was logged between 1950 and 1980. Logging and salvage practices of the time were not designed to protect streams or fisheries resources and as a result many of the streams in the area have reduced fish access, poor water quality and altered hydrological function.
Restoration work to the watershed continued in 2005 thanks to a generous grant from the Pacific Salmon Commission, and Forest Investment Account funds from International Forest Products Ltd. Weyerhaeuser Canada also contributed to the project under the "Jobs For Youth Program 2005".
A crew of twelve worked for six weeks, from July 27th to August 5th. They completed maintenance work on structures installed prior to 2005, removed non-embedded SWD and installed LWD structures at five sites on Lost Shoe Creek in Pacific Rim National Park Reserve, placed 70 m3 of spawning gravel, replaced a hung culvert on Sandhill Creek, and brushed five hectares of riparian forest.
Kennedy Watershed Restoration Summer 2002-2003
The 2003 field season for the Kennedy Watershed Restoration Project (KWRP) was 3 weeks long (from July 14 to August 1.) The window for in-stream work was approved for the period of July 15 to September 15.
Land and Water British Columbia Inc. and Fisheries and Oceans Canada approved the in-stream work. One of the targets of restoration was the low gradient streams jammed with high volumes of small woody debris that characterize the watershed. The debris jams restrict water flow resulting in flooding into the surrounding riparian forest.
Over the past seven years, restoration crews have worked to restore the hydrological, biological, and riparian functions of the Kennedy Flats Watershed. Methods include the removal of small woody debris (SWD), anchoring of large woody debris (LWD) into functional structures, spawning gravel placement, riparian restoration and road deactivation.
These efforts have resulted in increased fish access and improved health of the creeks and the bordering riparian forests. The assistance of numerous groups helped the field season to run smoothly.
Kennedy Watershed, Sandhill Creek, Hospital Road, Salmon Creek Restoration Project 2000
For the 2000 season the central objective was to continue the work of previous seasons, restoring the hydrological, biological, and riparian functions of the Kennedy watershed (and other nearby areas). These efforts improve in-stream fish habitat and natural drainage in the adjacent floodplain areas.
The Kennedy Flats area work zones were; Staghorn Creek mainstem, Staghorn Creek East Fork, Kootowis Creek tributaries, Lost Shoe Creek mainstem, Salmon (Smith) Creek, Sandhill Creek mainstem and tributary, as well as six small-unnamed reaches of creeks flowing into Tofino Inlet. A total of 12.23 km of stream was restored representing approximately 61,000 m2 of habitat.
The restoration work involved two primary activities: Removing none imbedded small woody debris and anchoring existing and additional large woody debris into functional structures. Crews used close to 7,000 metres of cable to anchor approximately 3,500 pieces of LWD into functional structures. Approximately 2,000 cubic m of SWD were also removed.
Kootowis, Staghorn, Lost Shoe Watershed Restoration Project 1997-1999
The objective of this project was to restore the Hydrology, Biology and Riparian functions of a watershed impacted by historic logging waste. The primary work involved removal of small woody debris (SWD) and anchoring of large woody debris (LWD).
The instream component began July 21 and ended October 17 (10 weeks). Twenty three individual workers were employed on the project for approximately 1100 person days. Almost 8.0 kilometers of stream length were restored in the work areas (primarily Tofino Flats, a tributary to Kootowis Creek). There was over 15,000 feet of cable used to anchor approximately 3000 pieces of LWD. Additionally, 4000 cubic meters of smaller woody debris was removed.
There was a great feeling of accomplishment at the end of the project as the work objective was exceeded and fish were observed migrating and spawning throughout the area.
In 1998 there was the addition of a crew of displaced fishery workers. A partnership was developed between workers from the Central Westcoast Forest Society (CWFS) and the West Coast Sustainability/Regional Aquatic Management Society (WCSA/RAMS).
Kootowis, Lost Shoe, and Staghorn WRP Instream Monitoring and Winter Planning 1996
There were 69 sites of road or stream restoration completed in 1996 within the Kootowis, Staghorn and Lost Shoe Creek watersheds. The stream restoration sites were grouped into significant habitat features such as large debris jams or contiguous reaches. The sites are located by local name, location by distance from a starting point, location from roads or with GPS reference points.
The sites were assessed in late winter (February /March 1997) to determine the after effects of winter flood events. This was done in a window of time that would allow assessment of last years' work but still allow time for adjustment of the following years' project.
Spawning Gravel placement and Cabling techniques for large woody debris to create better habitat were two of the many aspects exercised for this restoration.